International Women’s Day: Science Edition
Today is International Women’s Day, where we acknowledge the contributions given to us by women – cis and trans- to our communities, our countries, and the world at large. Science is one of the areas where women went unrecognized for their contributions because it was a male dominated field for a long time. Thankfully, we have been moving forward to rectify that by telling the stories of women history forgot, but it never hurts to acknowledge them and others who have help the world.
Bath is an African-American doctor and inventor. She was both the first black woman to complete a residency in ophthalmology, the study of diseases in the eyeball, and the creator of the Laserphaco probe. The Laserphaco probe allows doctors to fix cataracts in a less painful and more precise manner.
Chinese-American physicist Wu contributed to the Manhattan Project in the 1940s. She developed a process that enriched uranium ore enough that it could produce large quantities of uranium for atomic bomb fuel. She also disproved the law of parity a law in quantum mechanics that thought that two physical systems (in this case atoms) were mirror images of one another that acted identically, but was denied the Nobel Peace Prize that was given to her two male peers.
Franklin was a London physicist that discovered the double helix structure of DNA. While using X-ray diffraction techniques, Franklin and her students photographed two different forms of DNA fibers that they found. The first was a dry “A” form and the second was a wet “B” form, which ended up leading them to identify the structure of DNA. A colleague of Franklin’s ended up giving a copy of the “B” form photograph to James Watson, a scientist that was working on the structure of DNA with Francis Crick. All of this was done without Franklin’s knowledge. In the end, Watson and Crick were given a Nobel Peace Prize, while they acknowledged Franklin in a footnote.
Gonzalez is a Mexican doctor and biologist who patented the a design of the Elisa test which diagnosis a patient with invasive amebiasis, a parasitic disease that leads to over 10,000 deaths a year. It is found in areas of developing countries that have poor sanitation. This Elisa test is much more sensitive and accurate which allows people to be diagnosed and helped faster.
Featured on Forbes’ 30 under 30, Krupa is a young Indian-American inventor & scientist that invented a solar-powered purification system aimed to provide clean, fresh water to underprivileged areas and worldwide. The purification system uses photocatalytic composites which uses UV light from the sun and a semiconductor to clean the water and prevent the spread of disease.
These are just five women who have contributed to the world with their inventions and scientific discoveries. International Women’s day if them and for the future women who will be inventing and discovering new things in the future. So go out today, learn about other extraordinary scientist and inventors and support women all over the world.
H/T to Bustle